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File uploads

Enabling file uploads in Apollo Server

You can add file upload support to Apollo Server via the third-party graphql-upload library. This package provides support for the multipart/form-data content-type.

New in Apollo Server 3: Apollo Server 3 does not contain a built-in integration with graphql-upload like in Apollo Server 2. Instead, the instructions below show how to integrate it yourself. You cannot do this with the "batteries-included" apollo-server library; you must use a web framework integration such as apollo-server-express instead. To implement similar functionality with another Node.js HTTP framework (e.g., Koa), see the graphql-upload documentation for more information. Some integrations might need to use graphql-upload's processRequest directly.

const express = require('express');
const { ApolloServer, gql } = require('apollo-server-express');
const {
  graphqlUploadExpress, // A Koa implementation is also exported.
} = require('graphql-upload');
const { finished } = require('stream/promises');

const typeDefs = gql`
  # The implementation for this scalar is provided by the
  # 'GraphQLUpload' export from the 'graphql-upload' package
  # in the resolver map below.
  scalar Upload

  type File {
    filename: String!
    mimetype: String!
    encoding: String!

  type Query {
    # This is only here to satisfy the requirement that at least one
    # field be present within the 'Query' type.  This example does not
    # demonstrate how to fetch uploads back.
    otherFields: Boolean!

  type Mutation {
    # Multiple uploads are supported. See graphql-upload docs for details.
    singleUpload(file: Upload!): File!

const resolvers = {
  // This maps the `Upload` scalar to the implementation provided
  // by the `graphql-upload` package.
  Upload: GraphQLUpload,

  Mutation: {
    singleUpload: async (parent, { file }) => {
      const { createReadStream, filename, mimetype, encoding } = await file;

      // Invoking the `createReadStream` will return a Readable Stream.
      // See
      const stream = createReadStream();

      // This is purely for demonstration purposes and will overwrite the
      // local-file-output.txt in the current working directory on EACH upload.
      const out = require('fs').createWriteStream('local-file-output.txt');
      await finished(out);

      return { filename, mimetype, encoding };

async function startServer() {
  const server = new ApolloServer({
  await server.start();

  const app = express();

  // This middleware should be added before calling `applyMiddleware`.

  server.applyMiddleware({ app });

  await new Promise(r => app.listen({ port: 4000 }, r));

  console.log(`🚀 Server ready at http://localhost:4000${server.graphqlPath}`);

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