GraphQL Summit is back for three days of insights, hands-on learning, and fun to celebrate the GraphQL community. Join us in San Diego Oct 3-5.
Try Apollo Studio

The Rover dev command

Query a locally federated GraphQL API

⚠️ Note: The rover dev command is only for local development. Do not run this command in production.

A subgraph is a graph that contributes to the composition of a federated supergraph:

Supergraph (A + B + C)
Subgraph A
Subgraph B
Subgraph C

You can use Rover to start a local router that can query across one or more running GraphQL APIs (i.e., subgraphs) through one endpoint (i.e., supergraph). As you add, edit, and remove subgraphs, Rover automatically composes their separate schemas into a unified supergraph schema that the router reloads and serves.

Think plug-n-play USB devices but with your GraphQL APIs!

Creating a federated session

Starting the session

Before using Rover's dev command, you first need to have access to a running GraphQL API (subgraph). You'll need the URL the GraphQL API is serving and the location of the schema in the filesystem. If you don't have a local schema file, your subgraph must enable introspection.

An example rover dev command for running a local subgraph might look something like this:

rover dev --name products --schema ./products.graphql --url http://localhost:4000

The above command starts the rover dev session, watching ./products.graphql for changes to the schema, and starts up a local Apollo Router at the default endpoint (i.e., http://localhost:3000). This session also listens for other rover dev processes that include different subgraph schemas.

Stopping the session

If you stop the first rover dev session (by pressing CTRL+C), it will shut down the router, and any attached rover dev processes are detached and shut down.

Attaching additional subgraphs to a session

To add a new GraphQL API (i.e., subgraph) to a session, run rover dev in a new terminal with the necessary arguments for that new subgraph. If a session is already running, Rover automatically attaches subsequent rover dev processes to that existing session.

When you add a new subgraph to a session, Rover handles recomposing the supergraph schema and printing the build result in the outputs of both the primary process and the attached process.

Triggering recomposition on subgraph changes

Each rover dev process is responsible for monitoring any changes to its subgraph schema.

If you pass the --schema <PATH> argument, rover dev watches that schema file for changes and reports any updates to the main rover dev process if a schema's contents change.

Via introspection

If you don't pass the --schema <PATH> argument, rover dev will introspect the URL specified by the --url <SUBGRAPH_URL> argument once every second. The command prefers to use the same query as rover subgraph introspect but falls back to rover graph introspect if your GraphQL API doesn't support introspecting federated SDL. If this is the case, directives are stripped from the subgraph schema.

Stopping an attached process

If you stop an attached rover dev process (by pressing CTRL+C), the supergraph will de-compose the removed subgraph and reload the router.

Federation 2 ELv2 license

The first time you use Federation 2 composition on a particular machine, Rover prompts you to accept the terms and conditions of the ELv2 license. On future invocations, Rover remembers that you already accepted the license and doesn't prompt you again (even if you update Rover).

The ELv2-licensed plugins, supergraph (built from this source) and router (built from this source) are installed to ~/.rover/bin if you installed with the curl | sh installer, and to ./node_modules/.bin/ if you installed with npm.

Edit on GitHub