The Rover dev command
Query a locally federated GraphQL API
⚠️ Note: The
rover dev command is only for local development. Do not run this command in production.
A subgraph is a graph that contributes to the composition of a federated supergraph:
You can use Rover to start a local router that can query across one or more running GraphQL APIs (i.e., subgraphs) through one endpoint (i.e., supergraph). As you add, edit, and remove subgraphs, Rover automatically composes their separate schemas into a unified supergraph schema that the router reloads and serves.
Think plug-n-play USB devices but with your GraphQL APIs!
Before using Rover's
dev command, you first need to have access to a running GraphQL API (subgraph). You'll need the URL the GraphQL API is serving and the location of the schema in the filesystem. If you don't have a local schema file, your subgraph must enable introspection.
rover dev command for running a local subgraph might look something like this:
rover dev --name products --schema ./products.graphql --url http://localhost:4000
The above command starts the
rover dev session, watching
./products.graphql for changes to the schema, and starts up a local Apollo Router at the default endpoint (i.e.,
http://localhost:3000). This session also listens for other
rover dev processes that include different subgraph schemas.
If you stop the first
rover dev session (by pressing
CTRL+C), it will shut down the router, and any attached
rover dev processes are detached and shut down.
To add a new GraphQL API (i.e., subgraph) to a session, run
rover dev in a new terminal with the necessary arguments for that new subgraph. If a session is already running, Rover automatically attaches subsequent
rover dev processes to that existing session.
When you add a new subgraph to a session, Rover handles recomposing the supergraph schema and printing the build result in the outputs of both the primary process and the attached process.
rover dev process is responsible for monitoring any changes to its subgraph schema.
If you pass the
--schema <PATH> argument,
rover dev watches that schema file for changes and reports any updates to the main
rover dev process if a schema's contents change.
If you don't pass the
--schema <PATH> argument,
rover dev will introspect the URL specified by the
--url <SUBGRAPH_URL> argument once every second. The command prefers to use the same query as
rover subgraph introspect but falls back to
rover graph introspect if your GraphQL API doesn't support introspecting federated SDL. If this is the case, directives are stripped from the subgraph schema.
If you stop an attached
rover dev process (by pressing
CTRL+C), the supergraph will de-compose the removed subgraph and reload the router.
To configure advanced router functionality like CORS settings or header passthrough for subgraphs, you can pass a valid router configuration YAML file to
rover dev via the
--router-config <ROUTER_CONFIG_PATH> argument.
Note that only the main
rover dev process uses this router configuration file when starting the router. If you specify a different listen address with
supergraph.listen, all other
rover dev processes need to pass the same values to
--supergraph-address, and/or pass the same router configuration file path via
rover dev does not watch changes made to a router configuration file passed via
The first time you use Federation 2 composition on a particular machine, Rover prompts you to accept the terms and conditions of the ELv2 license. On future invocations, Rover remembers that you already accepted the license and doesn't prompt you again (even if you update Rover).
The ELv2-licensed plugins,
supergraph (built from this source) and
router (built from this source) are installed to
~/.rover/bin if you installed with the
curl | sh installer, and to
./node_modules/.bin/ if you installed with npm.
rover dev will select a recent version of the router and composition to use for you. You can override these by setting the environment variables
APOLLO_ROVER_DEV_ROUTER_VERSION=v1.0.0. By default,
rover dev will always use a composition library with a major version of 2, and a router with a major version of 1. If you already have the plugins installed, you can pass
rover dev in order to keep the plugins at the same version.